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At present, the tendency to build multi-storey residential buildings has become widespread in Ukraine. This is due to a number of reasons: significant increase in land prices in cities, dense urban development and the availability of appropriate equipment for the construction of such structures. One of the most common materials for multi-storey buildings is monolithic reinforced concrete. The main advantage of monolithic structures is the possibility of free spatial planning and the possibility of uniform redistribution of forces in the elements of the frame - the house works as one rigid entire structure. On the other hand, such structures require a long construction time and appropriate highly qualified control of monolithic works. Therefore, as an alternative, prefabricated reinforced concrete structures are used to accelerate the pace of construction.
In this work, the influence of the rigidity of a precast reinforced concrete house on the stress-strain state of CFA piles foundation is investigated. The stress-strain state of a precast reinforced concrete building with two basement options is analyzed: precast and monolithic.
The numerical modeling of the interaction of the system elements is used as a research method: soil base - foundation - aboveground structure.
It was found that the replacement in a prefabricated house only one basement floor of precast concrete on a monolithic one affects the redistribution of forces, so the self-supporting wall is loaded 2.6 times, and the busiest wall, which rests on both sides of the floor slab, is unloaded to 2.1 times.
It was found that in the case of a basement made of precast reinforced concrete with a precast basement the difference efforts in pile heads (under the load-bearing walls) can differ 1.98 times, and in the case of a monolithic one 1.17 times. So it is mean, the monolithic foundation redistributed of efforts between the piles is more uniform.
It is established that the monolithic reinforced concrete basement, in comparison with the prefabricated one, reduces the uneven settlement of the foundation by 2.4 times.
When designing large-panel houses, it is advisable to provide a basement floor monolithic - this will allow to load the fundamental constructions more evenly, which in its reduction reduces the relative deformation of buildings and reduces their cost.
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