Influence of parameters of retaining walls and loose soils on the stability of slopes in the new construction of residential complexes

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Liudmyla Skochko
Viktor Nosenko
Vasyl Pidlutskyi
Oleksandr Gavryliuk

Abstract

The stability of the slope in the existing and design provisions is investigated, the constructive decisions of retaining walls on protection of the territory of construction of a residential complex in a zone of a slope are substantiated. The stability of the slope when using rational landslide structures is estimated.


The results of the calculation of the slope stability for five characteristic sections on the basis of engineering-geological survey are analyzed. For each of the given sections the finite-element scheme according to the last data on change of a relief is created. The slope was formed artificially by filling the existing ravine with construction debris from the demolition of old houses and from the excavation of ditches for the first houses of the complex. Five sections along the slope are considered and its stability in the natural state and design positions is determined. Also the constructive decisions of retaining walls on protection of the territory of construction of a residential complex as along the slope there are bulk soils with various difference of heights are substantiated. This requires a separate approach to the choice of parameters of retaining walls, namely the dimensions of the piles and their mutual placement, as well as the choice of the angle of the bulk soil along the slope.


The calculations were performed using numerical simulation of the stress-strain state of the system "slope soils-retaining wall" using the finite element method. An elastic-plastic model of soil deformation with a change in soil parameters (deformation module) depending on the level of stresses in the soil is adopted. Hardening soil model (HSM) used. Calculations of slope stability involve taking into account the technological sequence of erection of retaining walls and modeling of the phased development of the pit. The simulation was performed in several stages: Stage 1 - determination of stresses from the own shaft, Stage 2 - assessment of slope stability before construction, Stage 3 - installation of retaining wall piles, Stage 4 - assessment of slope stability after landslides. Based on these studies, practical recommendations were developed for the design of each section of the retaining wall in accordance with the characteristic cross-sections.

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Author Biographies

Liudmyla Skochko, Kyiv National University of Construction and Architecture, Povitroflotskyi ave., 31, Kyiv, 03037

Associate Professor of the Department of Geotechnics, Ph.D.

Viktor Nosenko, Kyiv National University of Construction and Architecture, Povitroflotskyi ave., 31, Kyiv, 03037

Associate Professor of the Department of Geotechnics, Ph.D., Associate Professor

Vasyl Pidlutskyi, Kyiv National University of Construction and Architecture, Povitroflotskyi ave., 31, Kyiv, 03037

Associate Professor of the Department of Geotechnics, Ph.D., Associate Professor

Oleksandr Gavryliuk, Kyiv National University of Construction and Architecture, Povitroflotskyi ave., 31, Kyiv, 03037

Assistant of the Department of Geotechnics

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